Lung carcinoid tumour
Lung carcinoid tumour
Cancer is the growth of abnormal cells that take over neighbouring cells and tissues and, at later stages, also spread to organs.A Lung carcinoid tumour is a type of Lung Cancer, i.e. the abnormal cells start in the lung. However, it grows much slower than other lung cancers.
- Central carcinoids
- Cough, which can sometimes be bloody
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain, especially when taking deep breaths
- Peripheral carcinoids
- Rarely cause any symptoms
- If there are too many, it may lead to breathing trouble.
- Carcinoid syndrome:
- Facial flushing (redness and warm feeling)
- Fast heartbeat.
- Cushing syndrome:
- Weight gain
- Easy bruising
- High blood sugar (or even diabetes)
- High blood pressure
- Increased body and facial hair
Every type of cancer has risk factors, but they don’t tell us everything. Many people with one or more risk factors never get cancer, while others who get cancer may have had few or no known risk factors.
- Gender - women more prone than men
- Age - found in people around 60 years of age.
- Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1
- Tobacco smoke
Lung carcinoid tumour can be prevented to a certain extent by avoiding the risk factors.
Cancer has different stages, each depicted by a Roman numeral from 1 to 4 (I, II, III and IV). Stage I is the first stage where the tumor is still small while at Stage IV, the patient’s condition is said to be critical because the tumor has spread to other organs of the body. Hence, a cancer’s stage refers to the tumor’s size and extent of spread. This is the simplest form of staging.
In lung carcinoid tumour, the stage depends on whether it is confined to the origin of the cancer (localized cancer, Stage I) or whether it has spread to other organs (metastatic cancer).
The stage decides the kind of treatment you need to get. The greater the stage number, the more complex the treatment.
Needless to say, if the cancer is detected while it is still in Stage I, survival rate is higher. The rate decreases progressively with the increase in stage. Stage III is considered critical, while stage IV is, more often than not, fatal. For all cases of lung carcinoid tumour cancer combined. However, medicine is evolving everyday to meet these challenges and to keep you happy, healthy and alive!
Noticing any signs and symptoms of lung carcinoid tumour, and reporting them right away to your doctor allows early diagnosis. Since carcinoid tumours grow slowly, it is relatively easier to diagnose them at an early stage.
Based on the type and stage of the tumour and other factors, primary treatment options include:
- Other drug treatments
- Radiation therapy
Treatment is based on the type of tumor and other factors, and often more than one type of treatment is used. Discuss all of your treatment options as well as their possible side effects with your treatment team to help make the decision that best fits your needs.
If you have any of the symptoms, please do visit the doctor.